ABBREVIATION
MEANING

GA

General Average

GEAR

A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment

GLS (GLESS)

Gearless

GNCN

Gencon (GENERAL CONDITIONS)

GN (or GR)

Grain (Capacity)

GO

Gas Oil

GP

Grain Capacity. Cubic capacity in 'grain'

GR

Geographical Rotation. Ports in order of calling

GRD

Geared

GRT

Gross Registered Tonnage

GSB

Good, Safe Berth

GSP

Good, Safe Port

GTEE

Guarantee

GUNWALE

The upper edge of a ship's sides

2H

Second Half

HA

Hatch

HAGUE RULES

Code of minimum conditions for the carriage of cargo under a Bill of Lading

HATCH

An opening in a ship's deck fitted with a watertight cover

HBF

Harmless Bulk Fertilizer

HDLTSBENDS

Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends

HDWTS

Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time Saved

HHDW

Handy Heavy d.w. (Scrap)

HIRE

T/C Remuneration

HMS

Heavy Metal Scraps

HO

Hold

HOLD

A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo

HULL

The main body of a ship

HW

High Water

ICW

Intercoastal Waterway : bays, rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into the sea

IMDG

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

IMO

International Maritime Organisation

IN &/OR OVER

Goods carried below and/or on deck

IND

Indication

INTERMODAL

Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey

INCOTERMS

(Refer to comments in covering statement on front page A-F)

ITF

International Transport Workers Federation (Trade Unions). Complies on crewing

ITINERARY

Route.Schedule

IU

If Used

IUHTAUTC

If Used, Half Time Actually To Count

IWL

Institute Warranty Limits

KEEL

The centreline of a ship running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel

KNOT

A measurement of speed equal to one nautical mile (6,076 feet) per hour

LANE METER

A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width.

LASH

To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.

LAT

Latitude. The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.

LAYCAN

Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)

LAYTIME

Time at Charterers disposal for purpose of loading/discharging

L/C

Letter of Credit

LCR

Lowest Current Rate

LEE

The side sheltered from the wind

LEEWARD

The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward

LEEWAY

The sideways movement of the ship caused by either wind or current

LF

Load Factor. Percentage of cargo or passengers carries e.g. 4,000 tons carried on a vessel of 10,000 capacity has a load factor of 40%

LIEN

Retention of property until outstanding debt is paid

LNG

Liquefied Natural Gas

LOA

Length Overall of the vessel

LOAD LINE

plimsoll_mark SEE PLIMSOLL LINE

LOF

Lloyds Open Form

LOG

A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed

LOI

Letter of Indemnity

LONGITUDE

The distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England

LOW

Last Open Water

LS (or LUMPS)

Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to Shipper for a charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit irrespective of quantity of cargo

LSD

Lashed Secured Dunnaged

LT1

Liner Terms

LT2

Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram (2,240 lbs)

LTHH

Liner Terms Hook/Hook

LW

Low Water

LYCN

Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)

MANIFEST

Inventory of cargo on board

MB

Merchant Broker

MDO (DO)

Marine Diesel Oil

MIDSHIP

Approximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern

MIN/MAX

Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)

MOA

Memorandum of Agreement

MOLCHOPT

More or Less Charterers Option

MOLOO

More or Less Owners Option

MOORING

An arrangement for securing a ship to a mooring buoy or pier

MT

Mertic Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos)

M/V

Motor Vessel / Merchant Vessel

NAABSA

Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground

NM

Nautical Mile. One minute of latitude; approximately 6,076 feet - about 1/8 longer than the statute mile of 5,280 feet

NAVIGATION

The art and science of conducting a ship safely from one point to another

NCB

National Cargo Bureau

NESTING

Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates. This is particularly relevant in the presentation of tankage strakes for transport

NON-REVERSIBLE

(Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.

NOR

Notice of Readiness

NRT

Net Restricted Tonnage

NYPE

New York Produce Exchange

OO

Owners Option

OBO

Ore/Bulk/Oil Vessel

OSH

Open Shelter Deck

OVERBOARD

Over the side or out of the ship

OWS

Owners

P&I

Protection and Indemnity Insurance

PASTUS

Past Us

PC

Period of Charter

PCGO

Part Cargo

PCT

Percent

PDPR

Per Day Pro Rata

PERDIEM

By the Day

PER SE

By Itself

PHPD

Per Hatch Per Day

PLIMSOLL MARK
alt.
PLIMSOLL LINE
alt.
LOAD LINE

plimsoll_mark An internationally recognised line painted on the side of merchant ships. When a ship is loaded, the water level is not supposed to go above the line. Water can reach different parts of the line as its temperature and saltiness varies with the season and location. From where Plimsoll Shipping derived its name.

PORT

The left side of a ship looking forward. A harbour.

PRATIQUE

Licence or permission to use a port

PREAMBLE

Introduction to a charter party

PROFORMA

Estimated Account

PUS

Plus Us

PWWD

Per Weather Working Day

RCVR

Receiver

RECAP

Recapitulation of the terms and conditions agreed

REVERSIBLE

(Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations.

ROB

Remaining On Board

RT

Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric tonne or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.

SATPM

Saturday P.M.

SB

Safe Berth

SD (or SID)

Single Decker

SEAFREIGHT

Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only

SEAWORTHINESS

Statement of condition of the vessel (valid certificates, fully equipped and manned etc.)

SELFD

Self Discharging

SEMI-TRAILERS

Are usually 12.0 meter flat bed road trailers

SF

Stowage Factor. Cubic space (measurement tonne) occupied by one tonne (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo

SHINC

Sundays/Holidays Included

SHEX

Sundays/Holidays Excluded

SKIDS

Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under the cargo to enable forklift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.

SN

Satellite Navigation - A form of position finding using radio transmissions from satellites with sophisticated on-board automatic equipment

SOC

Shipper Owned Container

SOF

Statement of Facts

SP

Safe Port

SPIDERING

Is the strengthening of circular tanks for transport, this prevents the tanks from becoming warped. The tanks are strengthened with steel or wood crossbeams giving a "spider" appearance

SRBL

Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading

SSHEX

Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded

SSHINC (or SATSHINC)

Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included

STABILITY

It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all aspects at all times. When cargo is loaded/discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight and position of cargo within the vessel.

STARBOARD

Right side of a ship when facing the front or forward end.

STEM

Subject to Enough Merchandise (Availability of cargo). Also, the forward most part of the bow.

STERN

The aformost or after part of a ship

SUB

Subject (to). Depending upon as a condition

SUPERCARGO

Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.

SWAD

Salt Water Arrival Draft

SWDD

Salt Water Departure Draft

THWARTSHIPS

At right angles to the centreline of the ship

TIDE

The periodic rise and fall of water level in the oceans

TIME BAR

Time after which legal claims will not be entered

TBN

To Be Named / To Be Nominated

TC

Time Charter - Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time and provide technical management, crewing etc.

TCP

Time Charter Party

TEU

Standard 20' Container

TOPSIDES

The sides of a ship between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the deck

TRIM

Fore and aft balance of a ship

TTL

Total

TW

Tween Decker

USC

Unless Sooner Commenced

UU

Unless Used

UUIWCTAUTC

Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count

VPD

Vessel Pays Dues

WATERLINE

A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a ship sinks when it is properly trimmed

WAY

Movement of a ship through water such as headway, sternway or leeway

WCCON

Whether Customs Cleared Or Not

WIBON

Whether In Berth Or Not

WIFPON

Whether In Free Pratique Or Not

WINDWARD

Toward the direction from which the wind is coming

WIPON

Whether In Port Or Not

WLTOHC

Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming

WOG

Without Guarantee

WP

Weather Permitting. That time during which weather prevents working shall not count as laytime

WPD

Weather Permitting Day

WWD

Weather Working Day

WRIC

Wire Rods In Collis

WWR

When, Where Ready

WWWW

Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon

YAR

York Antwerp Rules

YAW

To swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea

Z

UTC = GMT

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